Article #98 An Epicenter Of Life: The Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot

The Tropical Andes is a crucial place on Earth because of its significant biodiversity of life. The Tropical Andes is one of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots on the planet and spans 1,542,644 km², from western Venezuela to northern Chile and Argentina, as well as large areas of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

Critical Tropical Andes data from 1950-2000 such as rainfall measurements, temperatures, and seasonality are shown above. The map also predicts what we could expect during the future in the region. (Map Credit: Riccardo Pravettoni via GRID-Arendal Norway)
The Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey (Oreonax flavicauda) is endemic to the Tropical Andes biodiversity hotspot region, nevertheless, its fragile habitat is being destroyed at an alarming rate and it is now critically endangered. (Photo Credit: Unknown Author via Wikimedia Commons)
This map of South America represents the least influenced areas of major terrestrial biomes on the continent. These are defined as areas as close to there natural state as possible and with a Human Footprint Index value less than or equal to 10. (Photo Credit: SEDAC via Columbia University and NASA Earth Data )